Encyclopedia of Parasitology

2016 Edition
| Editors: Heinz Mehlhorn

Sarcocystis nesbitti

  • Heinz MehlhornEmail author
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-662-43978-4_3551

This species, which recently is found to parasitize more and more often humans that live in Malaysia or stayed for a longer period in Malaysia (e.g., on the island Tioman), leads to a typical Sarcocystosis. This is characterized by a two-phase disease. After an initial fever later follow prolonged myalgia, eosinophilia, and CK increase. The initial treatment with cotrimoxazole shortened the period of symptoms to about 20 days, while a later treatment stopped symptoms only after 3 months. Most common symptoms are weakness, fever (38–40 °C), headache, muscle and neck pain, sweating, feeling sick, and diarrhea. However, humans do not seem to be the typical intermediate host (they are probably monkeys), while the final host is still unknown.

Further Readings

  1. Esposito DH et al (2014) Acute muscular Sarcocystosis: an international investigation among ill travelers returning from Tioman Island, Malaysia (2011–2012). Clin Infect Dis 50:1401–1410CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Slesak G et al (2015) Muscular Sarcocystosis after travel to Malaysia. Flugmed Tropmed Reisemed 22:26–32CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institut für Zoomorphologie, Zellbiologie und ParasitologieHeinrich-Heine-UniversitätDüsseldorfGermany