Encyclopedia of Parasitology

2016 Edition
| Editors: Heinz Mehlhorn

Streblidae (Bat Flies)

  • Carl W. DickEmail author
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-662-43978-4_3463


The family Streblidae, or bat flies, is a small family of Diptera containing members that are exclusively ectoparasitic upon bats. The Streblidae, along with three other fly families (Nycteribiidae, Hippoboscidae, and Glossinidae), are members of the calyptrate superfamily Hippoboscoidea. Hippoboscoid Diptera are obligate blood feeders that prey on mammals and birds (Dick and Patterson 2006). So far, streblid flies have not been implicated in the maintenance or transmission of zoonotic agents (Dick and Dittmar 2014).


Streblid flies possess several distinguishing morphological features, but across the family, these can be highly variable (Figs. 1, 2, 3, and 4; Wenzel and Peterson 1987). Generally, all species possess relatively small eyes with few facets, are uniformly light tan in color, and possess strong, bristlelike setae. Some forms are the typical muscoid type, whereas others are strongly dorsoventrally compressed and others strongly laterally compressed and...
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of BiologyWestern Kentucky UniversityBowling GreenUSA
  2. 2.Integrative Research Center, Field Museum of Natural HistoryChicagoUSA