Encyclopedia of Parasitology

2016 Edition
| Editors: Heinz Mehlhorn

Strongyloides stercoralis

  • Heinz MehlhornEmail author
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-662-43978-4_3024


Greek: strongylus = rounded; oides = similar. Latin: sterx = terminal end; stercus = feces; stercoralis = within feces. English: dwarf round worm.

Geographic Distributions/Epidemiology

This worm is found not only in humid and tropic and subtropic regions but also in countries of South Europe, in mines as well as in zoos (since many monkeys are heavily infected). Several hundred thousands of infections occur worldwide.

Morphology/Life Cycle

S. stercoralis produces two different generations within its life cycle (Fig. 1):
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  1. Piekarski G (1987) Medical parasitology in plates. Springer, Heidelberg/New YorkGoogle Scholar

Further Readings

  1. Ahmad AF et al (2013) Serological and molecular detection of Strongyloides stercoralis infection among an Orang Asli community in Malaysia. Parasitol Res 112:2811–2816PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Bisoffi Z et al (2014) Diagnostic accuracy of five serologic tests for Strongyloides stercoralis infection. PLoS Negl Trop Dis 8(1), e2640PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Janwan P et al (2011) Rapid detection of Opisthorchis viverrini and Strongyloides stercoralis in human fecal samples using a duplex real-time PCR and melting curve analysis. Parasitol Res 109:1593–1601PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Watts MR et al (2014) A loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) assay for Strongyloides stercoralis in stool that uses a visual detection method with SYTO-82 fluorescent dye. Am J Trop Med Hyg 90:306–311PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institut für ZoomorphologieZellbiologie und Parasitologie, Heinrich-Heine-UniversitätDüsseldorfGermany