Encyclopedia of Parasitology

2016 Edition
| Editors: Heinz Mehlhorn


Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-662-43978-4_2923

Sparganosis is an infection of  sparganum, a  plerocercoid larva of the genus Spirometra tapeworm.

The first sparganosis case was described by  Patick Manson in China in 1882. The disease is most prevalent in Asia, especially in China, Vietnam, Thailand, Korea, and Japan, although cases have been described sporadically around the world. Most cases in Asian countries are caused by Spirometra mansoni, while most cases in North America by  Spirometra mansonoides.

Usually, dogs and cats are the definitive hosts of Pseudophyllidea tapeworm Spirometra spp.  Sparganum is a parasite of carnivores, found usually in amphibians (second intermediate hosts) or reptiles (paratenic hosts). As an accidental host, human becomes infected by consuming raw tadpoles or raw flesh of amphibians (Fig. 1), reptiles, birds, or mammals such as pigs and dogs for medicinal purposes or for indigenous food cultures or by placing raw flesh poultices of amphibians or snakes infected with spargana on open wounds,...
This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.


  1. Cui J, Li N, Wang ZQ, Jiang P, Lin XM (2011) Serodiagnosis of experimental sparganum infections of mice and human sparganosis by ELISA using ES antigens of Spirometra mansoni spargana. Parasitol Res 108(6):1551–1556PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Cui J, Wang MM, Zhao YW, Gan GH, Hu BW, Jiang P, Qi X, Liu LN, Wang ZQ (2012) Efficacy of albendazole for treatment of mice infected with Sparganum mansoni. Chin J Parasitol Parasit Dis 30(1):71–72 (In Chinese)Google Scholar
  3. Gonzenbach RR, Kong Y, Beck B, Buck A, Weller M, Semmler A (2013) High-dose praziquantel therapy for cerebral sparganosis. J Neurol 260(5):1423–1425PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Lee MK, Hong SJ, Kim HR (2010) Seroprevalence of tissue invading parasitic infections diagnosed by ELISA in Korea. J Korean Med Sci 25(9):1272–1276PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Liu GZ (1990) A brief introduction of sparganosis mansoni in China. Chin J Parasitol Dis Control 3(2):152–154 (In Chinese)Google Scholar
  6. Rahman M, Lee EG, Bae YA (2011) Two-dimensional immunoblot analysis of antigenic proteins of Spirometra plerocercoid recognized by human patient sera. Parasitol Int 60(2):139–143PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of ParasitologyChongqing Medical UniversityChongqingChina