Name and Biology
Greek: schizein = divide; soma = body. The name refers to the fact that this genus, which formerly had been described as Bilharzia has two sexes in contrast to other Digenea.
This genus of the digenetic trematodes within the worm phylum Platyhelminthes (= flat worm) contains several species, which produce in contrast to the other hermaphroditic trematodes male and female individuals. The development of a single schistosomal worm includes several stages (adult worm, egg, miracidium, sporocysts, cercaria, schistosomulum), which parasitizes final hosts (humans, vertebrates) and intermediate hosts (water snails).
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