Encyclopedia of Parasitology

2016 Edition
| Editors: Heinz Mehlhorn


Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-662-43978-4_2798


Greek: sarx = meat, nema = filament.

General Information

This term has two meanings:
  1. 1.

    Synonym of toxonema and micronema, which are small ovoid inclusions in the apical region of motile stages of  Coccidia (merozoites, sporozoites, tachyzoites). Sarconema are the structures in the relevant stages of  Sarcocystis stages.

  2. 2.

    Genus of nematodes of the family Onchocercidae in the myocard and walls of blood vessels of birds. These parasites are transmitted by  Mallophaga. The sheathed microfilariae are rather short (120 μm) and are found in the blood.  Sarconema erycerca was found in swans, goose, ducks in USA, Europe, and Russia. Vector is the feather-eating mallophag louse Trinoton anserinum.


Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2016