Encyclopedia of Parasitology

2016 Edition
| Editors: Heinz Mehlhorn


Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-662-43978-4_2797


Greek: sarx, sarcos = meat, mastix = flagellum, phorein = transporting.


Phylum of  Protozoa.

General Information

Important characteristics of this group are: locomotion with  pseudopodia,  flagella or both; sexuality, when present, essentially  syngamy; single type of nucleus.


The Sarcomastigophora unite the former taxa  Flagellata and  Rhizopoda, since it has been shown that numerous species may form pseudopods as well as flagella, depending on external influences. The phylum is subdivided as follows:
  • Subphylum:  Mastigophora

  • Class: Phytomastigophorea

  • Class: Zoomastigophorea

  • Subphylum:  Opalinata

  • Class: Opalinatea

  • Subphylum: Sarcodina

  • Class: Lobosea and 10 other classes

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2016