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Nutrition in Infants and Children

  • Agostino PierroEmail author
  • Simon Eaton
Reference work entry

Abstract

Nutritional care of surgical infants and children is of major importance. This is for several reasons: (i) body stores are often smaller and more precarious; (ii) infants and children require not only energy for maintenance but also for growth; and (iii) as in adults, recovery from surgery is faster in those patients who are adequately nourished. Survival of infants with congenital anomalies dramatically improved following the introduction of parenteral nutrition. However, infection and cholestasis remain problematic for parenterally fed infants and children.

Keywords

Energy expenditure Parenteral nutrition Cholestasis Enteral nutrition 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Division of General and Thoracic Surgery, The Hospital for Sick ChildrenUniversity of TorontoTorontoCanada
  2. 2.Department of Paediatric SurgeryUCL Institute of Child Health and Great Ormond Street Hospital for Children NHS TrustLondonUK

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