Encyclopedia of Robotics

Living Edition
| Editors: Marcelo H Ang, Oussama Khatib, Bruno Siciliano

Vision for the Marine Environment

  • Nuno GraciasEmail author
  • Pere Ridao
  • Rafael Garcia
  • Marc Carreras
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-41610-1_17-1



Vision for the Marine Environment refers to underwater imaging hardware and algorithms that enable the perception of the subsea environment for marine science applications, inspection and intervention.


For a long time, optical cameras have been used in ROVs to provide the user with visual feedback of the operational scene. Conversely, AUVs have been traditionally equipped with sonar imaging systems, for two main reasons. First, the range of acoustic imaging is significantly higher, and second, as a consequence, they can work at a safer altitude, while the AUV follows the bottom profile. Nevertheless, during the last decades, vision systems have become smaller and more power-efficient, and the robot hardware has become more powerful and capable of storing the images onboard. Nowadays, commercial AUVs may be equipped with vision systems able to provide high-resolution seafloor imagery in...

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Nuno Gracias
    • 1
    Email author
  • Pere Ridao
    • 1
  • Rafael Garcia
    • 1
  • Marc Carreras
    • 1
  1. 1.ViCOROB InstituteUniversity of GironaGironaSpain

Section editors and affiliations

  • Gianluca Antonelli
    • 1
  1. 1.University of Cassino and Southern LazioCassinoItaly