Advertisement

Changes of South Baltic Region Climate: Agroecological Challenges and Responses

  • Galina M. BarinovaEmail author
  • Evgeny Krasnov
  • Dara V. Gaeva
Living reference work entry

Abstract

In this chapter, the regional dynamics of climate change and the subsequent agricultural challenges and responses are discussed by referring to the Kaliningrad region of the Baltic coast and some neighboring areas. The impacts of temperature and fluctuations in precipitation are discussed in relation to grain-crop harvesting and yields and other green crop productions. Furthermore, we observe the connection between pests and diseases and climate change, which affects livestock breeding, arable farming, and human living conditions. Some forms of adaptation to climate-related events (flooding, soil erosion, selection of appropriate crops) are also presented. In the past, during the Soviet era, new uncertainties and consequently deplorable ecological changes for the investigation area were caused by excessive use of pesticides, deforestation, and expansion of monoculture. Mathematical modeling and system approaches are thus becoming important tools for the creation of forecasting procedures and solution strategies and measures for feasible future development of agriculture. Special attention is given to a decreasing number of pollinators (domestic and wild). Finally, new forms of agricultural management (landscape planning, balanced and environmentally friendly agriculture practices) are stressed.

Keywords

Regional climate aspects ecosystem impacts strategies of adaptation 

References

  1. Artohin KS, Ignatova PK et al (2013) Changes in fauna of Hymenoptera insects of the Rostov area and forecast of environmental effects. Living Bio-inert Syst 2:1–10Google Scholar
  2. Barinova GM, Kochanowskaja MI (2011) Climate change and the dynamics of the natural focal disease of the population in the Kaliningrad region. Bull Baltic Fed Univ I Kant Nat Sci 7:36–44Google Scholar
  3. Barinova G, Koroleva Y, Krasnov E (2012) Indicative modeling and spatial evaluation of air pollution risk. In: Kremers H (ed) Risk models and applications. CODATA, BerlinGoogle Scholar
  4. Bloech H (1932) Ostpreussens. Landwirtschaft, KoenigsbergGoogle Scholar
  5. Burke L et al (2013) Plant-pollinator interaction over 120 years: loss of species, co-occurrence, and function. Science 339:161–162CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Chistyakov V (1997) Solar cycles and climate fluctuations. Dalnauka, VladivostokGoogle Scholar
  7. Deutsche Wetter Dienst http://www.dwd.de
  8. Dixon K (2003) Pollination and restoration. Science 325:571–572CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Drozdov VV, Smirnov NP (2011) Long-term dynamics of climate and hydrological conditions in the Baltic Sea and her causes. Meteorol Hydrol 5:77–87Google Scholar
  10. Eckersten H, Andersson L, Holstein F et al (2012) An evaluation of climate change effects on crop production. In: Jakobsson C (ed) Ecosystem health and sustainable agriculture, vol 1. Sustainable Agriculture, UppsalaGoogle Scholar
  11. Fedoroff NV et al (2010) Radically rethinking agriculture for the 21st century. Science 327:833–834CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Fedorov G, Krasnov E (2012) Agriculture in Kaliningrad. In: Jakobsson C (ed) Ecosystem health and sustainable agriculture, vol 1. Sustainable Agriculture, UppsalaGoogle Scholar
  13. Federal Service for Hydrometeorology and Environmental Monitoring http://meteo.ru
  14. Frolov AV, Strashnaja AP (2011) About the drought of 2010 and its impact on crop yields. In: Analysis of abnormal weather conditions on the territory of Russia in the summer of 2010: Sun. Reports GU “Hydrometeorological Center of Russia”, MoscowGoogle Scholar
  15. Gaeva D, Barinova G (2013) The geoecological conditions of apiculture product manufacturing in the Kaliningrad region. Vestn Immanuel Kant Baltic Fed Univ Russ 1:13–20Google Scholar
  16. Getzlaff K, Lehman A et al (2011) The response of the general circulation of the Baltic Sea to climate variability. BALTEX Newsl 14:13–16Google Scholar
  17. Hansen F (1916) Die Landwirtschaft in Ostpreussen, JenaGoogle Scholar
  18. Jacob D (2005) A short note on the role of the atmospheric circulations apart of the hydrological cycle. BALTEX Phase I, 1993–2003 State of the Art Report 31:8–14Google Scholar
  19. Korneevets LV (1998) Hydrogeological conditions and the main features of the groundwater regime of the Curonian Spit. In: The study and conservation of the Curonian Spit, KaliningradGoogle Scholar
  20. Kyslov AV et al (2008) Forecast of climatic resource supply in the East European Plain under climate warming in the XXI century, MoscowGoogle Scholar
  21. Lobell D et al (2011) Climate trends and global crop production since 1980. Science 333:616–620CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Orlenok V, Krasnov E, Barinova G (2000) Geoecological base on nature management in the Baltic Sea coastal zone. Geography and Environment, MoscowGoogle Scholar
  23. Palang H, Ryden L (2003) Society and landscape: space intrusion and habitat destruction. In: Lars Rydén, Pawel Migula,Magnus Andersson (ed). Environmental science. The Baltic University Press, UppsalaGoogle Scholar
  24. Roger A, Pielke S (2005) Land use and climate change. Science 310:1625–1626CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Romanenkova SA (2008) Environmental aspects of the yields formation water meadows of the river Deima. Successes of agriculture: interuniversity collection of scientific papers KSTU, KaliningradGoogle Scholar
  26. Tishkov A (2006) Ecosystems services of Russia in the assessments of “Millennium Goals” and in the system of indicators of its sustainable development. In: Environmental management and sustainable development. World ecosystems and Problems of Russia, MoscowGoogle Scholar
  27. Tyliniakis J (2013) The global plight of pollinators. Science 339:1532–1533CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Zotov S (1997) Modeling adaptation of basin-landscape systems to climate change and economic activity. Adaptive strategies of nature (ecological and geographical aspects), KaliningradGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Galina M. Barinova
    • 1
    Email author
  • Evgeny Krasnov
    • 2
  • Dara V. Gaeva
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of GeoecologyBaltic Federal University of Immanuel KantKaliningradRussia
  2. 2.Department of GeoecologyKaliningradRussia

Personalised recommendations