Changes of South Baltic Region Climate: Agroecological Challenges and Responses

  • Galina M. BarinovaEmail author
  • Evgeny Krasnov
  • Dara V. Gaeva
Living reference work entry


In this chapter, the regional dynamics of climate change and the subsequent agricultural challenges and responses are discussed by referring to the Kaliningrad region of the Baltic coast and some neighboring areas. The impacts of temperature and fluctuations in precipitation are discussed in relation to grain-crop harvesting and yields and other green crop productions. Furthermore, we observe the connection between pests and diseases and climate change, which affects livestock breeding, arable farming, and human living conditions. Some forms of adaptation to climate-related events (flooding, soil erosion, selection of appropriate crops) are also presented. In the past, during the Soviet era, new uncertainties and consequently deplorable ecological changes for the investigation area were caused by excessive use of pesticides, deforestation, and expansion of monoculture. Mathematical modeling and system approaches are thus becoming important tools for the creation of forecasting procedures and solution strategies and measures for feasible future development of agriculture. Special attention is given to a decreasing number of pollinators (domestic and wild). Finally, new forms of agricultural management (landscape planning, balanced and environmentally friendly agriculture practices) are stressed.


Regional climate aspects ecosystem impacts strategies of adaptation 


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Galina M. Barinova
    • 1
    Email author
  • Evgeny Krasnov
    • 2
  • Dara V. Gaeva
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of GeoecologyBaltic Federal University of Immanuel KantKaliningradRussia
  2. 2.Department of GeoecologyKaliningradRussia

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