The Family Salinisphaeraceae

  • Costantino VetrianiEmail author
  • Melitza Crespo-Medina
  • André Antunes
Reference work entry


The family Salinisphaeraceae (Class Gammaproteobacteria, Order Salinisphaerales) comprises a single genus, Salinisphaera, and six species: S. shabanensis, S. hydrothermalis, S. dokdonensis, S. orenii, S. halophila, and S. japonica. All members of the family Salinisphaeraceae were isolated from marine/oceanic and high-salinity environments. These bacteria have coccoid or short rod morphologies and are halophilic or halotolerant. All known members of the family Salinisphaeraceae are heterotrophic, mesophilic aerobes, although S. hydrothermalis was shown to be a facultative chemolithoautotroph. Isolation and characterization of new members of the Salinisphaeraceae, as well as in-depth studies of the currently known species, will allow for a better understanding of this family.


Siderophore Production Hypersaline Environment Arsenate Reductase alkB Gene Alkane Hydroxylase 
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The work on Salinisphaera hydrothermalis was supported by NSF grants OCE 03-27353 and MCB 04-56676 to C. V. and by an NSF Graduate Research Fellowship to M. C. M. C.V. and M. C. M. would like to thank Aspassia Chatziefthimiou, Ramaydalis Cruz-Matos, Ileana Pérez-Rodríguez, Tamar Barkay, Richard A. Lutz, and Valentin Starovoytov for their assistance with the description of Salinisphaera hydrothermalis. Previous work on Salinisphaera shabanensis was financially supported by the Fundação para a Ciência e a Tecnologia (SFRH/BD/3170/2000), the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG HU 711/2-1; HU 711/2-2; HU 711/3-1), and the Global Collaborative Research Program of the King Abdullah University of Science and Technology. A. A. would like to acknowledge the assistance of Robert Huber, Wolfgang Eder, Bernhard Schink, Intikhab Alam, Vladimir Bajic, Uli Stingl, and present and past members of the Lehrsuhl für Mikrobiologie of the University of Regensburg. Work on this chapter was supported by NSF grant OCE 11-36451 to C. V.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Costantino Vetriani
    • 1
    Email author
  • Melitza Crespo-Medina
    • 2
  • André Antunes
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Biochemistry and Microbiology and Institute of Marine and Coastal SciencesRutgers UniversityNew BrunswickUSA
  2. 2.Department of Geological SciencesMichigan State UniversityEast LansingUSA
  3. 3.IBB-Institute for Biotechnology and Bioengineering, Centre of Biological Engineering, Micoteca da Universidade do MinhoUniversity of MinhoBragaPortugal

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