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The Family Pseudoalteromonadaceae

  • Elena P. IvanovaEmail author
  • Hooi Jun Ng
  • Hayden K. Webb
Reference work entry

Abstract

The family Pseudoalteromonadaceae (class Gammaproteobacteria, order Alteromonadales) consists of three genera: the type genus Pseudoalteromonas, containing 37 species; the genus Algicola, containing two species; and the genus Psychrosphaera with one species. All species are Gram-negative rods, with the exception of Psychrosphaera saromensis which is a coccus. Historically, many species of Pseudoalteromonas were assigned to the genus Alteromonas. Similarly, both Algicola bacteriolytica and A. sagamiensis were reclassified from Pseudoalteromonas to form a separate genus. Many species of this family produce a variety of primary and secondary metabolites including hydrolytic enzymes, cyclic peptides, proteins and protein inhibitors, pigments, exopolymers, phenolic and pyrrole-containing alkaloids, and unusual brominated compounds with antibacterial and antiviral properties. Due to their versatile metabolic capacities, members of this family are highly adaptable to dissimilar ecological habitats and play important ecological roles in marine environments.

Keywords

Extracellular Polymeric Substance Isovaleric Acid Fungal Keratitis Psychrophilic Bacterium Agarase Activity 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Elena P. Ivanova
    • 1
    Email author
  • Hooi Jun Ng
    • 1
  • Hayden K. Webb
    • 1
  1. 1.Faculty of Science, Engineering and TechnologySwinburne University of TechnologyHawthornAustralia

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