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The Family Pasteurellaceae

  • H. ChristensenEmail author
  • P. Kuhnert
  • N. Nørskov-Lauritsen
  • P. J. Planet
  • M. Bisgaard
Reference work entry

Abstract

This chapter describes the systematics and evolution of Pasteurellaceae with emphasis on new information generated since the 3rd edition of The Prokaryotes which only included chapters dealing with Haemophilus, Actinobacillus, and Pasteurella. A major source of new information for the current chapter has been provided by whole genome sequences now available for many taxa of the family. Some 100 species and species-like taxa have been documented and 18 genera of Pasteurellaceae reported so far. Members of the family include specialized commensals, potential pathogens, or pathogens of vertebrates and mainly survive poorly in other habitats including the external environment. The pathogenic members are of major importance to animal production and human health. Members of Pasteurellaceae have relatively small genomes, probably as a result of adaption to a special habitat. The most important species in veterinary microbiology include Pasteurella multocida, Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae, [Haemophilus] parasuis, Mannheimia haemolytica, Bibersteinia trehalosi, and Avibacterium paragallinarum, while Haemophilus influenzae and Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans represent the most important species as to human disease. Traditional isolation techniques are still used in both human and veterinary clinical diagnostic laboratories although genetically based diagnostic methods have replaced traditional biochemical/physiological methods for characterization and identification. For all species, MALDI-TOF can now be used as a diagnostic tool. As control and if MALDI-TOF equipment is not at hand, PCR-based specific detection is possible for Pasteurella multocida, Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae, [Haemophilus] parasuis, Mannheimia haemolytica, Avibacterium paragallinarum, Gallibacterium anatis, Haemophilus influenzae, and Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans. A lot of work has been directed towards identification of virulence factors and understanding host microbe interactions involved in disease.

Keywords

Haemophilus Influenzae Hemorrhagic Septicemia Bovine Respiratory Disease Aggregatibacter Actinomycetemcomitans Pasteurella Multocida 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • H. Christensen
    • 1
    Email author
  • P. Kuhnert
    • 2
  • N. Nørskov-Lauritsen
    • 3
  • P. J. Planet
    • 4
  • M. Bisgaard
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Veterinary Disease BiologyUniversity of CopenhagenCopenhagenDenmark
  2. 2.Institute of Veterinary Bacteriology, Vetsuisse FacultyUniversity of BernBernSwitzerland
  3. 3.Department of Clinical MicrobiologyAarhus University HospitalAarhusDenmark
  4. 4.Pediatric Infectious Disease DivisionColumbia UniversityNew YorkUSA

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