Primary Peritonitis

  • Robert Baird
  • Jean Martin LabergeEmail author
Living reference work entry


Primary peritonitis is a clinical entity rarely encountered by practicing pediatric surgeons today, although intervention for the diagnosis and treatment is occasionally required. Typically, it develops in the context of a recognized predisposing factor, including underlying hepatic or renal dysfunction or the presence of an indwelling catheter. Occasionally, primary peritonitis may be encountered in the context of a patient without an overt predisposition. An astute clinician must recognize the possibility of an index presentation of familial Mediterranean fever (FMF) or systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), when clinical presentation is inconsistent with a cause of more conventional secondary peritonitis; failure to do so can result in unnecessary interventions and morbidity.


Primary peritonitis Children Peritoneal dialysis Spontaneous bacterial peritonitis Ascites Nephrotic syndrome Ventriculoperitoneal shunting Systemic lupus erythematosus Familial Mediterranean fever 


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Pediatric Surgery, Montreal Children’s HospitalMcGill University Health CenterMontrealCanada
  2. 2.Department of Pediatric SurgeryBC Children’s HospitalVancouverCanada

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