Encyclopedia of Polymeric Nanomaterials

Living Edition
| Editors: Shiro Kobayashi, Klaus Müllen

Monomers, Oligomers, Polymers, and Macromolecules (Overview)

  • Kensuke NakaEmail author
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-36199-9_237-1

Synonyms

Definition

A polymer is a molecule of high molecular weight, the structure of which essentially comprises the multiple repetition of units derived, actually or conceptually, from molecules of low molecular weight. Polymers range from synthetic polymers to natural biopolymers such as DNA and proteins. An oligomer is a molecule that consists of a few monomer units. “Macromolecule” is used for individual molecules of high molecular weight and “polymer” is used to denote a substance composed of macromolecules.

Introduction

Polymeric materials have existed as fundamental components of plants and animals from time immemorial. The human beings have used these natural polymeric materials in food, clothing, and houses from the most ancient times and have then developed synthetic materials such as Celluloid®, Bakelite®, rayon, and rubber [1]. However, we did not know real structures of these polymeric materials before the beginning of the last...

Keywords

Ethylene Oxide Coordination Polymerization Vinyl Ether Vinyl Monomer Anionic Polymerization 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.
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References

  1. 1.
    Roberts RM (1989) Serendipity. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., New YorkGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Ravve A (2012) Principles of polymer chemistry, 3nd edn. Springer New York Heidelberg Dordrecht, LondonGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Chemistry and Materials Technology, Graduate School of Science and TechnologyKyoto Institute of TechnologySakyo-ku/KyotoJapan