Damage to Ancient Buildings from Earthquakes
Ever since man-made structures have been erected, earthquakes have left their marks on these constructions. The study of earthquake damage can contribute to multidisciplinary efforts to assess parameters of ancient earthquakes from archaeological evidence (archaeoseismology). Initially these studies were aimed at enriching earthquake catalogs; however, recent interest has been targeted to provide quantitative earthquake parameters and describe site effects (Galadini et al. 2006; Sintubin 2011).
Yet, there is widespread skepticism about whether structural damage to man-made constructions, displaced structures, and indications of repair can be used as earthquake indicators. Damage to ancient buildings is often hard to identify, even for experienced archaeologists and engineers (Hinzen 2011). Here we offer a brief overview of earthquake-induced damages observed in ancient structures.
The fabric of the building (masonry, brick,...
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