CIRP Encyclopedia of Production Engineering

Living Edition
| Editors: The International Academy for Production Engineering, Sami Chatti, Tullio Tolio

Human-Machine Collaboration

  • Joerg Krueger
Living reference work entry



Coordinated interaction of human and machine with a common goal.

Extended Definition

The collaboration between human and machine normally is synchronized so that interaction is efficient. The synchronization can be controlled by the human, the machine, or both. Machine generally means an automated system, such as a robot. The common goal normally is a complex task where human and automated system can fulfill synchronized subtasks. Subtasks of the human are typically those where complex sensory-motor control abilities are required and the need for adaptation to changing conditions in the process is high. Subtasks of the machine are normally very repetitive with low complexity in handling of workpieces. Due to the combination of adaptivity of a human with speed and accuracy of a machine, efficient but also flexible processes can be designed, e.g., for a collaborative assembly.

Theory and Application



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Copyright information

© CIRP 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.IWFTechnische Universität BerlinBerlinGermany

Section editors and affiliations

  • Joerg Krueger
    • 1
  1. 1.IWFTechnische Universität BerlinBerlinGermany