The pure act or the process (or the connected series of acts or processes) of physically making a product from its material constituents, is distinct from designing the product, planning and controlling its production, by assuring its quality (CIRP Dictionary of Production Engineering 2004).
Note: (1) “Production” also designates the organizational unit of a manufacturing enterprise dealing with the fabrication of (series) products. (2) The term “fabrication” is particularly used to distinguishing production operations for components as opposed to assembly operations. (3) “Fabrication” is also used to describing the construction of assemblies by welding, e.g., a welded framework.
Theory and Application
Production can be traced as far back as the late nineteenth century, when the onset of the industrial revolution resulted in the need for large-scale operations (Pontrandolfo and Okogbaa 1999).
In 1925, Henry Ford wrote in the American...
- Chryssolouris G (2006) Manufacturing systems: theory and practice, 2nd edn. Springer, New YorkGoogle Scholar
- CIRP Dictionary of Production Engineering (2004) Manufacturing systems, vol 3, 1st edn. Springer, BerlinGoogle Scholar
- Hounshell DA (1985) From the American system to mass production, 1800–1932: the development of manufacturing technology in the United States. The Johns Hopkins University Press, BaltimoreGoogle Scholar
- Ohno T (1988) Toyota production system: beyond large-scale production. Productivity Press, New York CityGoogle Scholar
- Pine BJ II (1993) Mass customization: the new frontier in business competition. Harvard Business School Press, BostonGoogle Scholar