CIRP Encyclopedia of Production Engineering

Living Edition
| Editors: The International Academy for Production Engineering, Sami Chatti, Tullio Tolio


  • Eiji ShamotoEmail author
  • Burak Sencer
Living reference work entry



In general, vibration is a phenomenon where motion or oscillation occurs around an equilibrium point. This motion may be periodic or random. In Machine tools, the vibrations are induced from various sources such as the process, the environment, or the machine itself. They are usually undesirable. However, there are also self-excited vibrations which are commonly experienced in a wide variety of machining processes. See “Chatter” and “Stability” for details on those self-excited vibrations generated in machine tools.

Theory and Application

Machine tools basically move precisely according to operators’ commands or NC programs, and its motion is transferred to the machined shapes. However, there is more or less undesirable vibration generated in the machine tools, which deteriorates surface quality of machine parts and sometimes shortens tool life.


In general, vibration X( ω) is caused by exciting force F(...
This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.


  1. Altintas Y (2000) Manufacturing automation: metal cutting mechanics, machine tool vibrations, and CNC design. Cambridge University Press, CambridgeGoogle Scholar
  2. Cao YZ, Altintas Y (2004) A general method for the modeling of spindle-bearing systems. Trans ASME J Mach Des 126(6):1089–1104CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Ewins DJ (2001) Modal testing: theory, practice, and application, 2nd edn. Research Studies Press, Baldock, Hertfordshire, EnglandGoogle Scholar
  4. Schmitz TL, Duncan GS (2005) Three-component receptance coupling substructure analysis for tool point dynamics prediction. J Manuf Sci Eng 127(4):781–790CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Shamoto E, Suzuki N, Tsuchiya E, Hori Y, Inagaki H, Yoshino K (2005) Development of 3 DOF ultrasonic vibration tool for elliptical vibration cutting of sculptured surfaces. Ann CIRP 54(1):321–324CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© CIRP 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Mechanical and Aerospace EngineeringNagoya UniversityNagoyaJapan
  2. 2.College of EngineeringOregon State UniversityCorvallisUSA

Section editors and affiliations

  • Hans-Christian Möhring
    • 1
  1. 1.Institut für WerkzeugmaschinenUniversität StuttgartStuttgartGermany