CIRP Encyclopedia of Production Engineering

Living Edition
| Editors: The International Academy for Production Engineering, Sami Chatti, Tullio Tolio

Cutting Force Modeling

Living reference work entry



Cutting Force

Is a force that is generated by the cutting tool as it machines the workpiece. It can be divided into primary and secondary cutting forces.

Primary Cutting Force

Is a cutting force that is directly generated by the relative motion of the cutting tool with respect to the workpiece during machining. It occurs in the same direction as cutting tool movement.

Secondary Cutting Force

Is a cutting force that is generated in response to primary cutting forces, for example, vibrations during the machining.

Cutting Forces Modeling

The mathematical representation of a machining process in order to study the effects of varying process parameters on the cutting forces.

Theory and Application

Machining is a process of chip formation. Although the final purpose is to obtain a determined form and shape from the cutting of the material, this has to be done by creating defined chips. Thus machining is a process in which the...


Radial Cutting Force Component Chip Section Press Cuttings Rake Angle Workpiece 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.
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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Engineering Group in Product, Process and ProductionUniversity of GironaGironaSpain
  2. 2.Department of EngineeringUniversity of BergamoBergamoItaly
  3. 3.Department of Mechanical and Industrial EngineeringUniversity of BresciaBresciaItaly

Section editors and affiliations

  • Garret O'Donnell
    • 1
  1. 1.Trinity College DublinDublinIreland