CIRP Encyclopedia of Production Engineering

Living Edition
| Editors: The International Academy for Production Engineering, Sami Chatti, Tullio Tolio

Additive Manufacturing Technologies

  • Amir RashidEmail author
Living reference work entry



As per ISO/ASTM standard, additive manufacturing is defined as a “process of joining materials to make parts from 3D model data, usually layer upon layer as opposed to subtractive manufacturing and formative manufacturing methodologies” (EN ISO / ASTM 2017).

Theory and Application


Additive Manufacturing (AM) technologies define an emerging paradigm where complex products can be produced by adding thin layers of material in a repetitive manner. Freedom in design and manufacturing of highly complex parts with no extra cost are the two major drivers in fast development of this paradigm.

AM has recently gained significant attention in multiple sectors of society including industry, research, academia, and general public. Industry’s interest in the AM technologies is motivated primarily by the potential these technologies offer in developing new products. This in turn is driving development of new business and...

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Copyright information

© CIRP 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Production EngineeringKTH Royal Institute of TechnologyStockholmSweden

Section editors and affiliations

  • Ludger Overmeyer
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute of Transport and Automation TechnologyLeibniz University HannoverGarbsenGermany