Adaptive optics are real-time distortion-compensating systems which are used for improving image or beam quality in an optical system with (dynamic) aberrations.
Theory and Application
Adaptive optics systems (or adaptive optics, AO) are used for real-time compensation of aberration in optical systems. AOs are employed in optical systems where image or beam quality is limited by dynamic aberration induced by the propagation medium, e.g., atmospheric turbulence, laser device aberration, thermal lenses induced by high power beams in optics, or optical fabrication errors (Tyson 1998).
First developments of AOs started in the 1950s and 1960s with the aim to improve the imaging quality of astronomical instruments. Since then, the range of applications has broadened to other fields of optical engineering, including, e.g., human retinal imaging (Ling 2003), confocal microscopy (Tao et al. 2011), intracavity adaptive-optics in laser...
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