Near-Infrared Spectroscopy in Biological Molecules and Tissues
This chapter describes principle, instrumentation, analysis method (chemometrics) and biological applications of near-infrared (NIR) spectroscopy. Applications discussed include the studies of protein structure, denaturation and hydration, quantitative in vivo analysis of blood glucose, mapping brain function, and imaging.
Near-infrared (NIR) spectroscopy is a spectroscopy in the region of 800–2500 nm (12500–4000 cm−1), being mainly concerned with absorption spectroscopy and diffuse reflectance spectroscopy (Siesler et al. 2002; Ozaki et al. 2007, 2017; Workman and Weyer 2007). NIR spectroscopy is relatively new in biophysics, but its application to biological materials stretched back nearly 50 years. In 1960s Norris et al. tried to...
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