Encyclopedia of Earthquake Engineering

2015 Edition
| Editors: Michael Beer, Ioannis A. Kougioumtzoglou, Edoardo Patelli, Siu-Kui Au

System and Damage Identification of Civil Structures

  • Babak MoaveniEmail author
  • Joel P. Conte
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-35344-4_70

Synonyms

Damage identification; Nondestructive evaluation; Structural damage; Structural health monitoring; System identification

Introduction

Definitions

Structural damage

Changes in a structural system that adversely affect its performance

System identification

Process of extracting the properties (often dynamic) of a system from measured output or input-output data

Damage identification

Process of detecting, localizing, and quantifying damage in a system

Structural health monitoring

Process of global damage identification in a structural system

Nondestructive evaluation

Process of local damage identification in a structural system

Major structural failures in recent years have brought the public’s attention to the urgent need for improved infrastructure monitoring and maintenance. In their latest report card for America’s infrastructure (American Society of Civil Engineers 2009), the American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE) described an infrastructure that is poorly maintained,...

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References

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Civil and Environmental EngineeringTufts UniversityMedfordUSA
  2. 2.Department of Structural EngineeringUniversity of California at San DiegoCAUSA