Encyclopedia of Earthquake Engineering

2015 Edition
| Editors: Michael Beer, Ioannis A. Kougioumtzoglou, Edoardo Patelli, Siu-Kui Au

Social Media Benefits and Risks in Earthquake Events

  • Hamish McLeanEmail author
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-35344-4_400

Synonyms

Citizen seismologists; Disaster communication analysis; Earthquake education; Enhanced situational awareness; Post-disaster recovery; Psychological first aid; Real-time warnings on Twitter

Introduction

The rapidly evolving social media platforms, with an estimated 1.9 billion users worldwide, offer a myriad of communication benefits and risks in the context of a disaster. Social media generally refers to internet-based technologies that enable people to interact and share resources and information using either text or multimedia applications (Lindsay 2011; Dabner 2011). Advances in mobile devices allow access to anyone who has the ability to connect online (Abbasi et al. 2012). For example, the microblogging platform Twitter allows followers to track what an account holder is doing and thinking in real time within the confines of 140 characters (Kaigo 2012). Tweets can be sent from a variety of platforms ranging from cell phones to computers. Other examples of social media...

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

References

  1. Abbasi M, Kumar S, Filho A, Liu H (2012) Lesson learned in using social media for disaster relief – ASU Crisis Response Game. http://www.public.asu.edu/~huanliu/papers/SBP12Game.pdf
  2. Anderson M (2012) Earthquake social media response. http://www.cfaconnect.net.au/news/earthquake-social-media-response.html
  3. Bossu R, Gilles S, Mazet-Roux G, Roussel F, Kamb L (2011) Flash sourcing, or rapid detection and characterization of earthquake effects through website traffic analysis. Ann Geophys 54(6):716–727Google Scholar
  4. Bruns A, Burgess J, Crawford K, Shaw F (2012) #qldfloods and @QPSMedia: Crisis Communication on Twitter in the 2011 South East Queensland Floods. Media Ecologies Project. ARC Centre of Excellence for Creative Industries & Innovation, Brisbane, AustraliaGoogle Scholar
  5. Cellan-Jones R (2008) Twitter and the China earthquake, BBC blog, 12 May 2008. http://www.bbc.co.uk/blogs/legacy/technology/2008/05/twitter_and_the_china_earthqua.html
  6. Centres for Disease Control (2012) Crisis and emergency communication. http://emergency.cdc.gov/cerc/pdf/CERC_2012edition.pdf
  7. Chapman-Smith B (2012) Social media took ‘church’ role in quakes. http://www.nzherald.co.nz/technology/news/article.cfm?buffer_share=a6e0e&c_id=5&objectid=10828401
  8. Civil Defence Emergency Management (2012) New Zealand ShakeOut, more than 1.3 million involved. http://www.scoop.co.nz/stories/AK1209/S00584/new-zealand-shakeout-more-than-13-million-involved.htm
  9. Crooks A, Croitoru A, Stefanidis A, Radzikowski K (2013) #Earthquake: Twitter as a distributed sensor system. Trans GIS 17(1):124–147CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Dabner N (2011) Breaking ground in the use of social media: a case study of University earthquake response to inform education design with Facebook. www.educ.utas.edu.au/users/afluck/…/wg332011_submission_12.doc
  11. Duffy N (2012) Using social media to build community resilience. Aust J Emerg Manag 27(1):40–45Google Scholar
  12. Dugan L (2012) Would you place a 911 call on Twitter? http://www.mediabistro.com/alltwitter/911-call-on-twitter_b27752
  13. Dutta-Bergman MJ (2006) Community participation and Internet use after September 11: complementarity in channel consumption. J Comput Mediat Commun 11(2):659–673CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Earle PS, Bowden D, Guy M (2011) Twitter earthquake detection: earthquake monitoring in a social world. Ann Geophys 54(6):708–715Google Scholar
  15. Edmond S (2013) Social media pre, during and post-earthquake. http://blog.potentia.co.nz/social-media-quake/
  16. Gowing N (2009) Skyful of lies and black swans. The new tyranny of shifting information power in crises. The Reuters Institute of Technology, OxfordGoogle Scholar
  17. Hui N (2013) Social media’s role in Ya’an earthquake aftermath is revealing. http://www.chinafile.com/social-medias-role-yaan-earthquake-aftermath-revealing
  18. Imran M, Elbassuoni S, Castillo C, Diaz F, Meier P (2013) Extracting information nuggets from disaster-related messages in social media. In: Proceedings of the 10th international ISCRAM conference, BadenGoogle Scholar
  19. Kaigo M (2012) Social media usage during disasters and social capital: Twitter and the Great East Japan Earthquake. Keio Commun Rev 34:19–35Google Scholar
  20. Lindsay BR (2011) Social media and disasters: current uses, future options, and policy considerations. Congressional Research Services Report 7-5700. http://fpc.state.gov/documents/organization/174191.pdf
  21. MacLeod L (2010) New media vital in breaking Haiti earthquake story. http://www.bbc.co.uk/worldservice/worldagenda/2010/01/100122_worldagenda_haiti_monitoring.shtml
  22. Meier P (2012) How crisis mapping saved lives in Haiti. http://voices.nationalgeographic.com/2012/07/02/crisis-mapping-haiti/
  23. Meier P (2013) Automatically extracting disaster-relevant information. http://irevolution.net/2013/04/01/auto-extracting-disaster-info/
  24. Palen L (2008) Online social media in crisis events. EDUCAUSE Q 31(3):76–78MathSciNetGoogle Scholar
  25. Perry B, Shaw R, Takeuchi Y (2012) Utilisation of social media in the East Japan earthquake and tsunami and its effectiveness. J Nat Disaster Sci 34(1):3–18CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Sakaki T, Okazaki M, Matsuo Y (2010) Earthquake shakes Twitter users: real-time event detection by social sensors. In: Proceedings of the 19th international WWW conference (WWW2010), RaleighGoogle Scholar
  27. Starbird K, Stamberger J (2010) Tweak the Tweet: leveraging microblogging proliferation with a prescriptive syntax to support citizen reporting. In: Proceedings of the 7th international ISCRAM conference, SeattleGoogle Scholar
  28. Tapia A, Moore C, Johnson N (2013) Beyond the trustworthy Tweet: a deeper understanding of microblogged data use by disaster response and humanitarian relief organisations. In: Proceedings of the 10th international ISCRAM conference, BadenGoogle Scholar
  29. Taylor M, Well G, Howell G, Raphael B (2012) The role of social media as psychological first aid as a support to community resilience building. A Facebook study for Cyclone Yasi Update. Aust J Emerg Manag 27(1):20–26Google Scholar
  30. Turgut P (2011) Turkey’s earthquake: social media to the rescue. http://world.time.com/2011/10/24/turkeys-earthquake-social-media-to-the-rescue/
  31. Williams R, Williams G, Burton D (2012) The use of social media in disaster recovery. http://extension.missouri.edu/greene/documents/PlansReports/using%20social%20media%20in%20disasters.pdf
  32. Young JC, Wald D, Earle P, Shanley L (2013) Transforming earthquake detection and science through citizen seismology. Woodrow Wilson International Centre for Scholars, Washington, DCGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of HumanitiesGriffith UniversityNathanAustralia