Encyclopedia of Earthquake Engineering

2015 Edition
| Editors: Michael Beer, Ioannis A. Kougioumtzoglou, Edoardo Patelli, Siu-Kui Au

Seismic Sources from Landslides and Glaciers

  • Ewald BrücklEmail author
  • Daniel Binder
  • Stefan Mertl
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-35344-4_385


Earthquakes generated by landslides and glaciers; Seismic activity of landslides and glaciers


With few exceptions, the discovery and analysis of global earthquakes with landslides and glaciers as sources did not begin until the twenty-first century. This may come as a surprise considering that the magnitudes of such earthquakes have reached and even exceeded M = 5. In this essay, we describe the specific characteristics of these seismic signals and their source locations. We describe the source mechanisms and discuss the information that can be derived from interpretation of the data. In the case of landslides, the source process represents a severe hazard, and the same may be true for glaciers.

Although seismic signals from landslides and glaciers are observed at intermediate scales, we will jump from magnitudes of M ~ 5 to M < 0. The deployment of seismic stations on the target landslide or glacier is necessary to observe such weak signals. Systematic research...

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© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Geodesy and GeoinformationTU WienViennaAustria
  2. 2.Zentralanstalt für Meteorologie und GeodynamikViennaAustria
  3. 3.Mertl Research GmbHViennaAustria