Encyclopedia of Earthquake Engineering

2015 Edition
| Editors: Michael Beer, Ioannis A. Kougioumtzoglou, Edoardo Patelli, Siu-Kui Au

Sustained Earthquake Preparedness: Functional, Social, and Cultural Issues

  • Douglas PatonEmail author
  • Norio Okada
  • Julia Becker
  • Li-ju Jang
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-35344-4_340
  • 84 Downloads

Synonyms

Culture; Preparedness; Readiness; Risk communication

Introduction

When earthquakes occur, affected societies and their members suddenly find themselves having to deal with demands that differ considerably from anything they would encounter under normal conditions and in circumstances in which normal societal functions and resources are marked by their absence. The aftershock sequence that can accompany seismic events can prolong the period over which people have to deal with disruption. However, the degree of disruption and loss that people, communities, and societies experience is a function of the degree to which they have developed the knowledge, skills, and relationships required to anticipate, cope with, adapt to, and recover from earthquake consequences during both the initial event and the consequences they can encounter as they cycle through response and recovery processes with successive aftershocks. Furthermore, the fact that earthquakes occur without warning makes...

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

References

  1. Bajek R, Matsuda Y, Okada N (2008) Japan’s Jishu-bosai-soshiki community activities: analysis of its role in participatory community disaster risk management. Nat Hazards 44:281–292CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Crozier M, McClure J, Vercoe J, Wilson M (2006) The effects of land zoning information on judgments about earthquake damage. Area 38:143–152CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Duval TS, Mulilis J-P (1995) A person-relative-to-event (PrE) approach to negative threat appeals and earthquake preparedness: a field study. J Appl Soc Psychol 29:495–516CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Jang L, LaMendola W (2006) The Hakka spirit as a predictor of resilience. In: Paton D, Johnston D (eds) Disaster resilience: an integrated approach. Charles C. Thomas, Springfield, pp 174–189Google Scholar
  5. Lechliter GJ, Willis FN (1996) Living with earthquakes: beliefs and information. Psychol Rec 46:391–396Google Scholar
  6. Lehman D, Taylor SE (1987) Date with an earthquake: coping with a probable, unpredictable disaster. Pers Soc Psychol Bull 13:546–555CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Lindell MK, Hwang SN (2008) Households’ perceived personal risk and responses in a multi-hazard environment. Risk Anal 28:539–556CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Lindell MK, Perry RW (2000) Household adjustment to earthquake hazard: a review of research. Environ Behav 32:461–501CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Lindell MK, Arlikatti S, Prater CS (2009) Why people do what they do to protect against earthquakes risk: perceptions of hazard adjustment attributes. Risk Anal 29:1072–1088CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. McClure J, Walkey F, Allen M (1999) When earthquake damage is seen as preventable: attributions, locus of control and attitudes to risk. Appl Psychol 48:239–256CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. McClure J, Allen MW, Walkey F (2001) Countering fatalism: causal information in news reports affects judgements about earthquake damage. Basic Appl Soc Psychol 23:109–121CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. McIvor D, Paton D (2007) Preparing for natural hazards: normative and attitudinal influences. Disaster Prev Manag 16:79–88CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Mileti DS, Darlington JD (1995) Societal response to revised earthquake probabilities in the San Francisco Bay area. Int J Mass Emerg Disasters 13:119–145Google Scholar
  14. Palm R, Hodgson M, Blanchard RD, Lyons D (1990) Earthquake insurance in California. Westview Press, BoulderGoogle Scholar
  15. Paton D (2008) Risk communication and natural hazard mitigation: how trust influences its effectiveness. Int J Glob Environ Issues 8:2–16CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Paton D (2013) Disaster resilient communities: developing and testing an all-hazards theory. J Integr Disaster Risk Manag 3:1–17CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Paton D, McClure J (2013) Preparing for disaster: building household and community capacity. Charles C. Thomas, SpringfieldGoogle Scholar
  18. Paton D, Smith L, Johnston D (2005) When good intentions turn bad: promoting natural hazard preparedness. Aust J Emerg Manag 20:25–30Google Scholar
  19. Paton D, Okada N, Sagala S (2013) Understanding preparedness for natural hazards: a cross cultural comparison. J Integr Disaster Risk Manag 3:18–35CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Paton D, Johnston D, Mamula-Seadon L, Kenney CM (2014) Recovery and development: perspectives from New Zealand and Australia. In: Kapucu N, Liou KT (eds) Disaster & development: examining global issues and cases. Springer, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  21. Russell LA, Goltz JD, Bourque LB (1995) Preparedness and hazard mitigation actions before and after two earthquakes. Environ Behav 27:744–770CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Sheeran P (2002) Intention-behaviour relations: A conceptual and empirical review. In: Stroebe W, Hewstone M (eds) European review of social psychology. Wiley, Chichester, pp 1–36Google Scholar
  23. Smith JR, Terry DJ (2003) Attitude-behaviour consistency: The role of group norms, attitude accessibility, and mode of behavioural decision-making. European J of Soc Psychol 33:591–608Google Scholar
  24. Triandis HC (1995) Individualism and collectivism. Westview, BoulderGoogle Scholar
  25. Turner RH, Nigg JM, Paz DH (1986) Waiting for disaster: earthquake watch in California. University of California Press, Los AngelesGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Douglas Paton
    • 1
    Email author
  • Norio Okada
    • 2
  • Julia Becker
    • 3
  • Li-ju Jang
    • 4
  1. 1.School of PsychologyUniversity of TasmaniaLauncestonAustralia
  2. 2.Graduate School of Science and EngineeringKumamoto UniversityKumamoto CityJapan
  3. 3.GNS ScienceLower HuttNew Zealand
  4. 4.Department of Social WorkNational Pingtung University of Science and TechnologyPingtungTaiwan