Encyclopedia of Earthquake Engineering

2015 Edition
| Editors: Michael Beer, Ioannis A. Kougioumtzoglou, Edoardo Patelli, Siu-Kui Au

Seismic Resilience

  • Domenico AsproneEmail author
  • Gaetano Manfredi
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-35344-4_258


City resilience; Community resilience; Disaster resilience; Ecosystem resilience; Engineering resilience; Urban resilience


Resilience has several meanings in academic discourse. It is derived from the Latin term resilire, which means “to bounce back.” It is used in multiple scientific contexts to identify the capability to recover, absorb shocks, and restore equilibrium after a perturbation. First, the concept of resilience was introduced in the nineteenth century in physics to indicate the ability of materials to withstand impulsive loads without suffering damages. Then, resilience was also used in medicine (Pfeiffer 1929) and psychology (Werner 1971; Garmezy 1973).

Recently, resilience is triggering increasing interest in other scientific contexts, referred to communities, urban systems, and built environment, as the capability to recover from natural and human-induced disasters. The advent of the concept of resilience in this context is the result of an...

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© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Structures for Engineering and ArchitectureUniversity of Naples “Federico II”NaplesItaly