Encyclopedia of Earthquake Engineering

2015 Edition
| Editors: Michael Beer, Ioannis A. Kougioumtzoglou, Edoardo Patelli, Siu-Kui Au

Seismic Loss Assessment

  • Nilesh ShomeEmail author
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-35344-4_257


Damage; Insurance; Loss; Nonstructural component; Risk; Structural component; Vulnerability


It is observed that earthquakes, particularly those of large magnitudes, can cause significant damage to structures over a large region surrounding the rupture zone of earthquakes. The top three costliest earthquakes in the world during 1980–2012 are the Mw 9.0 Tohoku-Oki earthquake (2011), Mw 6.8 Kobe earthquake (1995), and Mw 6.7 Northridge earthquake (1994) causing overall economic losses when occurred about $210B, $100B, and $44B respectively (III 2013). The structures those are damaged due to earthquakes are not only buildings, bridges, etc., but also utilities like water, gas and sewer lines, and lifelines like train tracks and roads. The earthquakes also cause landslides due to movement of grounds or liquefaction due to loss of strength of the soil underneath the structures. In addition, earthquakes can cause fire and tsunami leading to significant damage to...

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Model DevelopmentRisk Management SolutionsNewarkUSA