Encyclopedia of Earthquake Engineering

2015 Edition
| Editors: Michael Beer, Ioannis A. Kougioumtzoglou, Edoardo Patelli, Siu-Kui Au

Seismic Vulnerability Assessment: Reinforced Concrete Structures

  • Flavia De LucaEmail author
  • Gerardo M. Verderame
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-35344-4_252


Axial load failure; Damage measure; Flexure; Nonlinear modeling; PBEE; RC structures; Shear


Seismic vulnerability can be defined as the degree of loss to a given element at risk (e.g., buildings) resulting from the occurrence of an earthquake event (Coburn and Spence 2002). The development of methodologies for seismic vulnerability assessment is an essential tool for seismic risk management and for prioritizing pre-earthquake strengthening of the built environment.

Seismic risk can be approached through different methodologies. Most of them aim to deconstruct the problem into the typical elements defining any kind of risk: (i) hazard, (ii) vulnerability, and (iii) exposure, and they are based on the total probability theorem.

Available seismic vulnerability methods, i.e., empirical, analytical, or hybrid (e.g., Calvi et al. 2006), developed in the last 30 years, differ because of the nature of tools and data employed. In the following only analytical approach to...

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© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Civil EngineeringUniversity of BristolBristolUK
  2. 2.Department of Structures for Engineering and Architecture (DiSt)University of Naples Federico IINaplesItaly