Encyclopedia of Earthquake Engineering

2015 Edition
| Editors: Michael Beer, Ioannis A. Kougioumtzoglou, Edoardo Patelli, Siu-Kui Au

Seismic Vulnerability Assessment: Masonry Structures

  • Dina D’AyalaEmail author
  • Viviana Novelli
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-35344-4_250

Introduction

The assessment of the vulnerability of the building stock of an urban center is an essential prerequisite to its seismic risk assessment. The other two ingredients are the expected hazard over given return periods and the distribution and values of the assets constituting the building stock. All three elements of the seismic risk assessment are affected by uncertainties of aleatory nature, related to the spatial variability of the parameters involved in the assessment, and epistemic nature, related to the limited capacity of the models used to capture all aspects of the seismic behavior of buildings and to describe them in simple terms, suitable for this type of analysis. Hence it should always be kept in mind that the computation of a risk level is highly probabilistic and that to accurately represent the risk, the expected values should always be accompanied by a measure of the associated dispersion. A very preliminary estimate of the seismic capacity of the local...

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Civil, Environmental and Geomatic EngineeringUniversity College LondonLondonUK