The Family Kordiimonadaceae

  • Xue-Wei Xu
  • Min Wu
  • Aharon OrenEmail author
Reference work entry


The genus Kordiimonas is the only genus within the order Kordiimonadales (Kwon et al. Int J Syst Evol Microbiol 55:2033-2037, 2005), an order that contains a single family—the Kordiimonadaceae, a name we here formally propose. Currently (January 2013) the genus Kordiimonas contains four species: K. gwangyangensis, K. lacus, K. aestuarii, and K. aquimaris. Kordiimonas species form a monophyletic cluster, and can be distinguished from other groups within the Alphaproteobacteria by their chemotaxonomic features, especially by their cellular fatty acid composition. Branched fatty acids are seldom found in the Alphaproteobacteria, but high contents of iso- and anteiso-branched fatty acids were reported in Kordiimonas species. Kordiimonas is distributed globally, but has never yet been found as a dominant population. The natural habitats are mainly marine environments: seawater and marine sediments. Enrichment and isolation of Kordiimonas strains usually require low nutrient media and long incubation periods. No clinical reports of infections of humans or animals by Kordiimonas species have been published. K. gwangyangensis participates in polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon degradation as well as alkane oxidation.


Alkane Hydroxylase Polar Lipid Profile Cellular Fatty Acid Composition Hydroxyl Fatty Acid Unidentified Glycolipid 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


  1. Anderson SA, Northcote PT, Page MJ (2010) Spatial and temporal variability of the bacterial community in different chemotypes of the New Zealand marine sponge Mycale hentscheli. FEMS Microbiol Ecol 72:328–342PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Bae H, Kim H, Jeong S, Lee S (2011) Changes in the relative abundance of biofilm-forming bacteria by conventional sand-filtration and microfiltration as pretreatments for seawater reverse osmosis desalination. Desalination 273:258–266CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Connon SA, Giovannoni S (2002) High-throughput methods for culturing microorganisms in very-low-nutrient media yield diverse new marine isolates. Appl Environ Microbiol 68:3878–3885PubMedCentralPubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Ito Y, Maeda R, Iwata K, Omori T (2011) Genetic characterisation of genes involved in the upper pathway of carbazole metabolism from the putative Kordiimonas sp. Biotechnol Lett 33:1859–1864PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Kim SJ, Kwon KK (2010) Marine, hydrocarbon-degrading alphaproteobacteria. In: Timmis KN (ed) Handbook of hydrocarbon and lipid microbiology. Springer-Verlag, Berlin, pp 1707–1714CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Kwon KK, Lee H-S, Yang SH, Kim S-J (2005) Kordiimonas gwangyangensis gen. nov., sp. nov., a marine bacterium isolated from marine sediments that forms a distinct phyletic lineage (Kordiimonadales ord. nov.) in the “Alphaproteobacteria”. Int J Syst Evol Microbiol 55:2033–2037PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Li H, Yu Y, Luo W, Zeng Y, Chen B (2009) Bacterial diversity in surface sediments from the Pacific Arctic Ocean. Extremophiles 13:233–246PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Liao L, Xu X-W, Jiang X-W, Wang C-S, Zhang D-S, Ni J-Y, Wu M (2011) Microbial diversity in deep-sea sediment from the cobalt-rich crust deposit region in the Pacific Ocean. FEMS Microbiol Ecol 78:565–585PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Liu H, Yang C, Tian Y, Lin G, Zheng T (2010) Screening of PAH-degrading bacteria in a mangrove swamp using PCR-RFLP. Mar Pollut Bull 60:2056–2061PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Maeda R, Nagashima H, Widada J, Iwata K, Omori T (2009) Novel marine carbazole-degrading bacteria. FEMS Microbiol Lett 292:203–209PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Maeda R, Ishii T, Ito Y, Zulkharnain AB, Iwata K, Omori T (2010) Isolation and characterization of the gene encoding the chloroplast-type ferredoxin component of carbazole 1,9a-dioxygenase from a putative Kordiimonas sp. Biotechnol Lett 32:1725–1731PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Math RK, Jeong SH, Jin HM, Park MS, Kim JM, Jeon CO (2012) Kordiimonas aestuarii sp. nov., a marine bacterium isolated from a tidal flat of Taean in Korea. Int J Syst Evol Microbiol 62:3049–3054Google Scholar
  13. McKew BA, Taylor JD, McGenity TJ, Underwood GJC (2011) Resistance and resilience of benthic biofilm communities from a temperate saltmarsh to desiccation and rewetting. ISME J 5:30–41PubMedCentralPubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Peng X, Zhou H, Li J, Li J, Chen S, Yao H, Wu Z (2010) Intracellular and extracellular mineralization of a microbial community in the Edmond deep-sea vent field environment. Sediment Geol 229:193–206CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Pham VD, Konstantinidis KT, Palden T, DeLong EF (2008) Phylogenetic analyses of ribosomal DNA-containing bacterioplankton genome fragments from a 4000 m vertical profile in the North Pacific Subtropical Gyre. Environ Microbiol 10:2313–2330PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Thompson FL, Bruce T, Gonzalez A, Cardoso A, Clementino M, Costagliola M, Hozbor C, Otero E, Piccini C, Peressutti S, Schmieder R, Edwards R, Smith M, Takiyama LR, Vieira R, Paranhos R, Artigas LF (2011) Coastal bacterioplankton community diversity along a latitudinal gradient in Latin America by means of V6 tag pyrosequencing. Arch Microbiol 193:105–114PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Tian Y, Liu HJ, Zheng TL, Kwon KK, Kim SJ, Yan CL (2008) PAHs contamination and bacterial communities in mangrove surface sediments of the Jiulong River Estuary. China Mar Pollut Bull 57:707–715CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Wang L, Wang W, Lai Q, Shao Z (2010) Gene diversity of CYP153A and AlkB alkane hydroxylases in oil-degrading bacteria isolated from the Atlantic Ocean. Environ Microbiol 12:1230–1242PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Xu X-W, Huo Y-Y, Bai X-D, Wang C-S, Oren A, Li S-Y, Wu M (2011) Kordiimonas lacus sp. nov., isolated from a ballast water tank, and emended description of the genus Kordiimonas. Int J Syst Evol Microbiol 61:422–426PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Yang S-H, Kim M-R, Seo SH, Lee J-H, Kim S-J, Kwon KK (2013) Description of Kordiimonas aquimaris sp. nov., isolated from seawater, and emended descriptions of the genus Kordiimonas Kwon et al., 2005 emend. Xu et al., 2011 and of its existing species. Int J Syst Evol Microbiol 63:298–302Google Scholar
  21. Yarza P, Ludwig W, Euzéby J, Amann R, Schleifer K-H, Glöckner FO, Rosseló-Móra R (2010) Update of the All-Species Living Tree Project based on 16S and 23S rRNA sequence analyses. Syst Appl Microbiol 33:291–299.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Laboratory of Marine Ecosystem and BiogeochemistryState Oceanic AdministrationHangzhouPeople’s Republic of China
  2. 2.Second Institute of OceanographyState Oceanic AdministrationHangzhouPeople’s Republic of China
  3. 3.College of Life SciencesZhejiang UniversityHangzhouPeople’s Republic of China
  4. 4.Department of Plant and Environmental SciencesThe Institute of Life Sciences, The Hebrew University of JerusalemJerusalemIsrael

Personalised recommendations