Originated in the United States in the early 1970s, the term “environmental audit” means different things to different people. Terms such as “environmental assessment,” “environmental survey,” and “green assurance” are used to describe the same type of activity. Furthermore, some organizations consider that an “environmental audit” addresses only environmental matters, whereas others use the term to mean an audit of health, safety, and environmental matters. Basically, environmental audit is an independent evaluation of policy and principles, systems, procedures, practices and performance, and other elements of a business relating to environment. It aims at verification and validation to ensure that various environmental laws are complied with and adequate care has been taken toward environmental protection and preservation.
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