Encyclopedia of Corporate Social Responsibility

2013 Edition
| Editors: Samuel O. Idowu, Nicholas Capaldi, Liangrong Zu, Ananda Das Gupta

Sustainability (World Commission on Environment and Development Definition)

Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-28036-8_531

Synonyms

Definition

The Brundtland Commission or the World Commission on Environment and Development (WCED), known by the name of its Chair, Gro Harlem Brundtland, was convened by the United Nations in 1983. The commission published its report, Our Common Future, in 1987 and proposed the concept of sustainable development as an ideal for the global economy and corporations. Sustainability was defined as development that meets the needs of the present generation without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their needs.

The WCED was created to address growing concern about the accelerating deterioration of the human environment and natural resources and the consequences of that deterioration for economic and social development. The work of the commission resulted in the Brundtland Report which contained two main concepts: (1) the concept of needs, in particular the needs of the world’s poor,...

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

References and Readings

  1. Basiago, A. D. (1995). Methods of defining ‘sustainability’. Sustainable Development, 3, 109–119.Google Scholar
  2. Lindgreen, A., Antioco, M., Harness, D., & Sloot, R. (2009). Purchasing and marketing of social and environmental sustainability for high-tech medical equipment. Journal of Business Ethics, 85, 445–462.Google Scholar
  3. Shrivastave, P., & Berger, S. (2010). Sustainability principles: A review and directions. Organization Management Journal, 7(4), 246–261.Google Scholar
  4. United Nations General Assembly. (1983). Process of preparation of the environmental perspective to the year 2000 and beyond, Resolution A/RES/38/161, Adopted by the General Assembly on December 19, 1983. Retrieved March 20, 2011, from http://www.un.org/en/sustainability/
  5. United Nations General Assembly. (1987). Report of the World Commission on Environment and Development: Our common future. Transmitted to the General Assembly as an Annex to Document A/42/427 – Development and International Co-operation: Environment. Retrieved March 20, 2011, from http://www.un.org/en/sustainability/
  6. United Nations General Assembly. (2005). 2005 World Summit Outcome, Resolution A/60/1, adopted by the General Assembly on September 15, 2005. Retrieved March 20, 2011, from http://www.un.org/en/sustainability/
  7. University of Copenhagen. (2009, March). “Key messages from the Congress” News item on Copenhagen Climate Congress in March 2009. Retrieved March 20, 2011, from http://climatecongress.ku.dk/newsroom/congress_key_messages/
  8. Van Marrewijk, M. (2003). Concepts and definitions of CSR and corporate sustainability: Between agency and communion. Journal of Business Ethics, 44, 95–105.Google Scholar
  9. World Business Council for Sustainable Development. This web site has multiple articles on WBCSD contributions to sustainable development. Retrieved March 20, 2011, from http://www.un.org/en/sustainability/

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Business Communication, Centre for Corporate CommunicationAarhus University Department of Business CommunicationÅarhus VDenmark