Encyclopedia of Color Science and Technology

Living Edition
| Editors: Ronnier Luo

Texture Measurement, Modeling, and Computer Graphics

Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-27851-8_363-1

Synonyms

Definition

Following a definition by ASTM, texture can be defined as the visible surface structure depending on the size and organization of small constituent parts of a material, typically surface structure of a woven fabric. Many other materials that are used in the manufacturing industry also show texture, often of very different types. Examples are various types of wood, satin, paper, foods, and injection-molded plastics. This review focuses on effect coatings, since the characterization of their texture is advanced as compared to the case for most other materials. Also, effect coatings such as metallic and pearlescent coatings are widely used in the automotive, cosmetics, and packaging industry.

The texture of effect coatings is associated with the spatial variation in appearance caused by nonuniformity of colorant. This texture depends on the type of lighting, as shown in Fig. 1. Under intense unidirectional lighting, glint...

Keywords

Illumination Condition Effect Coating Texture Parameter Image Analysis Algorithm Computer Game Industry 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Color Research DepartmentAkzoNobel Performance CoatingsSassenheimThe Netherlands