Encyclopedia of Color Science and Technology

Living Edition
| Editors: Ronnier Luo

Light Pollution

Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-27851-8_133-2

Synonyms

Definition

Outdoor electric lighting at night which is unwanted, unneeded, or wasteful and which results in glare, light trespass and sky glow or other harmful effects on people and the environment.

Light Pollution Recognized

Electric lighting makes travel, working, playing, and other normal living activities possible at night. Indeed, the view of a lighted city from an airplane window or tall building is a hallmark of twenty-first-century civilization, yet little more than a century and a half ago, there were no such views and human activities outdoors at night were limited to those considered essential. Even then, they were carried out only with difficulty especially tasks involving work or travel. Limitations remained as candles and then gas flames and mantles began to generate more powerful and reliable night lighting, but the benefits were not widespread because of the relatively...

Keywords

Light Pollution Electric Lighting Amateur Astronomer Outdoor Lighting Luminous Power 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.
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References

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    Mission Statement. The International Dark Sky Association (IDA). www.darksky.org. Accessed 13 December 2014
  2. 2.
    Model Lighting Ordinance (MLO): A joint effort of the International Dark Sky Association and the Illuminating Engineering Society of North America. www.darksky.org or www.ies.org (2011). Accessed 13 December 2014
  3. 3.
    International Commission on Illumination: Technical Report – Guide on the Limitation of the Effects of Obtrusive Light from Outdoor Lighting Installations. CIE 150. CIE Publications. http://www.cie.co.at/index.php/Publications (2003)
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    International Commission on Illumination: Technical Report – Guidelines for Minimizing Sky Glow. CIE 126. CIE Publications. http://www.cie.co.at/index.php/Publications (1997)
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    Mizon, B.: Light Pollution: Responses and Remedies. Springer, New York (2012, 2nd. Edition) ISBN-13 978-1461438212Google Scholar
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    Rich, C., Longcore, T. (eds.): Ecological Consequences of Artificial Night Lighting. Island Press, Washington, DC (2005)Google Scholar
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    The Royal Commission on Environmental Pollution: Artificial light in the environment. The Stationery Office, United Kingdom (2009)Google Scholar
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    National Geographic News: Saving sea turtles with a lights out policy in Florida. http://news.nationalgeographic.com/news/2003/03/0310_030310_turtlelight.html Accessed 20 June 2012
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    International Dark Sky Association: Visibility, environmental and astronomical issues associated with Blue-Rich White Outdoor Lighting, Tucson, IDA, 2010. Available at: http://darksky.org/assets/documents/Reports/IDA-Blue-Rich-Light-White-Paper.pdf
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    Wagner, R.: Light at night, human health – references with abstracts. http://www.trianglealumni.org/mcrol/References-With_Abstracts.pdf (2011). Accessed 12 Jun 2012
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    American Medical Association House of Delegates: Resolution: 516 (A-09) http://www.eficienciaenergetica.gub.uy/con_luminica/American%20Medical%20Association%20-%20Resolution%20516.pdf (2009). Accessed 10 June 2012
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    American Medical Association: AMA Adopts New Policies at Annual Meeting. http://www.ama-assn.org/ama/pub/news/news/2012-06-19-ama-adopts-new-policies.page (2012). Accessed 2 July 2012
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    Bogard, P.: The End of Night:Searching for Natural Darkness in an Age of Artificial Light. Little, Brown and Co. New York. First Edition July, 2013Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Lighting Ideas, IncCleveland Hts.USA