Encyclopedia of Cancer

Living Edition
| Editors: Manfred Schwab

Ovarian Germ Cell Tumors

Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-27841-9_6904-2

Definition

Germ cell tumors of the ovary are uncommon but aggressive types of ovarian cancer seen most often in young women or preteen and adolescent girls and are generally curable if found and treated early. Use of combination chemotherapy after initial debulking surgery has dramatically improved the prognosis for many of these tumors. Ovarian germ cell tumors can be difficult to diagnose early. Often there are no symptoms in the early stages. Because young girls have yet to have a gynecologic examination, the only symptoms may be a swelling or hard distended abdomen without weight gain (with or without pain). Tests which may be used to indicate this type of tumor are an ultrasound or CT scan. (Also for older patients, the first step would be an internal (pelvic) exam.) Prognosis and choice of treatment depend on the type of tumor and stage of the tumor (whether it affects one ovary, both, or has spread to other places).

Classification of Ovarian Germ Cell Tumors

Major types:
  • Dysgerminoma...

Keywords

Ovarian Cancer Combination Chemotherapy Fallopian Tube Embryonal Carcinoma Dermoid Cyst 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.
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See Also

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.German Cancer Research Center (DKFZ)HeidelbergGermany