Encyclopedia of Cancer

Living Edition
| Editors: Manfred Schwab

Prostate Cancer Molecularly Targeted Therapies

Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-27841-9_6839-3

Synonyms

Definition

Prostate cancer targeted therapy is defined as a treatment designed specifically for prostate cancer cells by interfering with specific targets in or on the cancer cells that blocks cancer growth or cancer spread and minimizes damage to normal and healthy cells.

Characteristics

Prostate cancer is one of the most common diseases in men worldwide although its incidence is higher in African-Americans compared to Caucasians and Asians (Prostate Cancer Epidemiology). Current treatment options for prostate cancer broadly include hormonal therapy, surgery, radiation, and chemotherapy. Histological type, grading, tumor size, lymph node involvement, and hormone receptor status all influence prognosis. Initial treatment of clinically localized prostate cancer usually involves surgical removal of the cancerous tissue and/or radiation therapy. Surgical treatment procedures include radical prostatectomy and cryotherapy. Radiation therapy...

Keywords

Prostate Cancer Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor Prostate Cancer Cell Tyrosine Kinase Inhibitor 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.
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References

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  5. Vogiatzi P, Cassone M, Claudio L, Claudio PP (2009) Targeted therapy for advanced prostate cancer: looking through new lenses. Drug News Perspect 22(10):593CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Cancer and Stem Cell Biology ProgramDuke-NUS Graduate Medical SchoolSingaporeSingapore
  2. 2.Department of UrologySingapore General HospitalSingaporeSingapore