Encyclopedia of Cancer

Living Edition
| Editors: Manfred Schwab

Photochemoprevention

Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-27841-9_4549-2

Definition

“Photochemoprevention” has two very different meanings. The term was first coined in 2001 to describe chemoprevention of skin damage, including skin carcinogenesis (photocarcinogenesis), due to ultraviolet (UV) light (solar ultraviolet light, UV radiation). A second use of the word “photochemoprevention,” as defined in 2003, is to refer to the combination therapy of pulsed dye laser (PDL) to inhibit angiogenesis and chemoprevention to block both proliferation of cancer cells and tumor revascularization (vascular-targeting agents in cancer). The comments below will describe the term “photochemoprevention” as originally used.

Characteristics

Photochemoprevention can refer to the use of any chemopreventive agent, either ingested or topically applied, to block the damaging effects of UV light. UV light, in particular UVB light, is directly responsible for much of the damage leading to skin cancer development, especially basal cell (basal cell carcinoma) and squamous cell...

Keywords

Skin Cancer Basal Cell Carcinoma Chemopreventive Agent Grape Seed Grape Seed Extract 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.
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References

  1. Afaq F, Adhami VM, Mukhtar H (2005) Photochemoprevention of ultraviolet B signaling and photocarcinogenesis. Mutat Res 571:153–173CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  2. Bowden GT (2004) Prevention of non-melanoma skin cancer by targeting ultraviolet-b-light signaling. Nat Rev Cancer 4:23–35CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Takeda OncologyCambridgeUSA