Encyclopedia of Cancer

Living Edition
| Editors: Manfred Schwab

Neutropenia

Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-27841-9_4052-2

Synonyms

Definition

Neutropenia is an inherited or acquired condition manifested by low numbers of circulating white blood cells known as neutrophils. The absolute neutrophil count (ANC) may be estimated directly or as the product of the total white blood cell count and the fraction of polymorphonuclear cells and band forms in the blood count differential and is generally expressed as the number of cells per mm3. The common toxicity criteria established by the US National Cancer Institute grade neutropenia as grade 0 for ≥2,000/mm3; grade 1 for ≥1,500–<2,000/mm3; grade 2 for ≥1,000–<1,500/mm3; grade 3 for ≥500–<1,000/mm3; and grade 4 for <500/mm3. However, the term neutropenia clinically is generally reserved for ANC <1,500/mm3 (grades 2 or greater).

Characteristics

Hematopoiesis

Normal hematopoiesis is characterized by the controlled proliferation and maturation of multiple cell lines critical to the development of the healthy individual....

Keywords

Febrile Neutropenia Aplastic Anemia Total White Blood Cell Count Myeloid Cell Line Mature Neutrophil 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.
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References

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Public Health Sciences and Clinical Research Divisions, Hutchinson Institute for Cancer Outcomes ResearchFred Hutchinson Cancer Research CenterSeattleUSA