Encyclopedia of Cancer

Living Edition
| Editors: Manfred Schwab

Arachidonic Acid Pathway

Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-27841-9_380-3

Synonyms

Definition

The arachidonic acid pathway describes the biosynthesis of eicosanoids from arachidonic acid (AA) including its formation from omega-6 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) and the synthesis of eicosanoids from eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) including its formation from omega-3 PUFAs. Eicosanoids are short-lived biologically potent, autocrine or paracrine acting, lipid signaling molecules.

Characteristics

The AA pathway is involved in many physiological processes including inflammationand cancer. The pleiotropic effects of modulating this pathway are manifold and are depending on the levels of fatty acids from (dietary) substrates, which in turn modulate the level of eicosanoid precursors (AA and EPA) determining the amounts of eicosanoid lipid mediators actually produced. Initial and still ongoing research on the pharmacological inhibition of inflammatory reactions by nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drugs...

Keywords

Arachidonic Acid Familial Adenomatous Polyposis Free Arachidonic Acid Sulindac Sulfide Arachidonic Acid Pathway 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.
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References

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Henk J. van Kranen
    • 1
  • Christine L. E. Siezen
    • 1
  1. 1.National Institute of Public Health and EnvironmentBilthovenThe Netherlands