Encyclopedia of Cancer

Living Edition
| Editors: Manfred Schwab

Ginkgo biloba

Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-27841-9_2408-3

Synonyms

Definition

Ginkgo biloba is originally from Asia and has been utilized as an herbal remedy for thousands of years in the traditional Chinese pharmacopoeia. G. biloba is known for its antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, and neuroprotective properties. Extract from G. biloba leaves is commonly prescribed medicine to improve circulation and cardiovascular health.

Characteristics

Ginkgo, a unique medium-large deciduous tree with no close living relatives, is classified in the division of Ginkgophyta, consisting of the single class Ginkgoopsida, order Ginkgoales, family Ginkgoaceae, genus Ginkgo, and the only one species – G. biloba. Ginkgo, the world’s oldest living tree on earth for 270 million years (the Permian period), was referred to as a living fossil by Charles Darwin in 1859. They spread throughout Laurasia during...

Keywords

Anacardic Acid Oral Cavity Cancer Ginkgolic Acid Ginkgo Tree Terpene Lactone 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.
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References

  1. Adis International (2003) EGb 761: Ginkgo biloba extract, Ginkor. Drugs in R & D 4:188–193CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Gardès-Albert M, Ferradini C, Sekaki A et al (1993) Oxygen-centered free radicals and their interactions with EGb 761 or CP 202. In: Ferradini C, Droy-Lefaix MT, Christen Y (eds) Advances in Ginkgo biloba extract research: Ginkgo biloba extract (EGb 761) as a free-radical scavenger. Elsevier Science, New York, pp 1–11Google Scholar
  3. Kleijnen J, Knipschild P (1992) Ginkgo biloba. Lancet 340:1136–1139CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  4. McKenna DJ, Jones K, Jones K (2001) Efficacy, safety, and use of ginkgo biloba in clinical and preclinical applications. Altern Ther Health Med 7(70–86):88–90Google Scholar
  5. Pretner E, Amri H, Li W et al (2006) Cancer-related overexpression of the peripheral-type benzodiazepine receptor and cytostatic anticancer effects of Ginkgo biloba extract (EGb 761). Anticancer Res 26:9–22PubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Nutrition and Health SciencesTaipei Medical UniversityTaipeiTaiwan