Encyclopedia of Astrobiology

Living Edition
| Editors: Muriel Gargaud, William M. Irvine, Ricardo Amils, Henderson James Cleaves, Daniele Pinti, José Cernicharo Quintanilla, Michel Viso

Gluconeogenesis

Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-27833-4_653-2

Synonyms

Definition

Gluconeogenesis refers to the biosynthetic pathway of hexoses from noncarbohydrate substrates such as acetate, glycerol, pyruvate, etc. This can be achieved by conversion of the precursor into an intermediate of glycolysis and the reverse of this pathway (with the appropriate bypass of three irreversible enzymatic steps). The phylogenetic distribution of the gluconeogenetic enzymes suggests an early origin of this anabolic pathway, before the emergence of the different glycolytic pathways.

See Also

Keywords

Bioorganic Chemistry Biosynthetic Pathway Glycolytic Pathway Enzymatic Step Phylogenetic Distribution 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institut Cavanilles de Biodiversitat i Biologia EvolutivaUniversitat de ValènciaValènciaSpain