Encyclopedia of Astrobiology

Living Edition
| Editors: Muriel Gargaud, William M. Irvine, Ricardo Amils, Henderson James Cleaves, Daniele Pinti, José Cernicharo Quintanilla, Michel Viso

Mars 2020

Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-27833-4_5189-1

Definition

After the successful completion of the Mars Science Laboratory Mission with the rover Curiosity riding for more than 8 Km in one Martian year, NASA decided to prepare a new surface mission to be launched in 2020. This mission will be designed on the technical heritage of Curiosity but will aim to answer new science and technological questions. The rover will carry seven instruments to conduct geological assessments, determine the potential habitability of the environment, and directly search for signs of ancient Martian life. Scientists will use the instruments to select a collection of rock and soil samples that will be stored for potential return to Earth by a future mission (this function is called “cache” or “caching”). This set includes an instrument to assess the in situ resource utilization, extracting oxygen from carbon dioxide. The set of instruments will also assess possible hazards of the Martian environment for human health.

The mission will be launched in the...

Keywords

Carbon Dioxide Soil Sample Time Frame Bioorganic Chemistry Resource Utilization 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.CNES/DSP/SMEVétérinaire/DVM, Astro/ExobiologyParisFrance