Encyclopedia of Astrobiology

Living Edition
| Editors: Muriel Gargaud, William M. Irvine, Ricardo Amils, Henderson James Cleaves, Daniele Pinti, José Cernicharo Quintanilla, Michel Viso

Alcohol

Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-27833-4_45-5

Definition

An alcohol is an organic compound containing a hydroxyl (-OH) group. In the IUPAC nomenclature system, the suffix “-ol” is used in the name of each alcohol. The simplest alcohol is methanol (methyl alcohol, CH3OH), and the most commonly encountered alcohol is ethanol (ethyl alcohol, C2H5OH) which is contained in alcoholic beverages. Alcohols with three or more carbons have isomers: Propyl alcohol has two isomers, which are propan-1-ol (CH3CH2CH2OH) and propan-2-ol (CH3CH(OH)CH2). Many low-molecular-weight alcohols, such as ethanol and propan-2-ol, are used as disinfectants, since they diffuse easily through cell membranes and denaturize proteins. Compounds whose hydroxyl group is connected to benzene ring are referred to as phenols.

See Also

Keywords

Cell Membrane Organic Compound Bioorganic Chemistry Propyl Alcohol Benzene Ring 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Yokohama National UniversityYokohamaJapan