Encyclopedia of Astrobiology

Living Edition
| Editors: Muriel Gargaud, William M. Irvine, Ricardo Amils, Henderson James Cleaves, Daniele Pinti, José Cernicharo Quintanilla, Michel Viso

Aminoacetonitrile

Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-27833-4_1880-6

Synonyms

Definition

Aminoacetonitrile (IUPAC name 2-Aminoacetonitrile) is a (toxic) liquid at room temperature and standard pressure. It is a precursor of the simplest amino acid, glycine, which it forms by reaction with liquid water. It is also an intermediary in the Strecker synthesis of glycine. It was identified in the interstellar medium in 2008.

History

Although its rotational spectrum has been studied since the 1970s, and modeled explicitly for a search in the interstellar medium in 1990, aminoacetonitrile has only been detected recently in space, in a large molecular cloud Sagittarius B2 (Sgr B2) at the center of the Galaxy (Belloche et al. 2008).

See Also

Keywords

Bioorganic Chemistry Liquid Water Interstellar Medium Molecular Cloud Standard Pressure 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

References and Further Reading

  1. Belloche A, Menten KM, Comito C, Müller HSP, Schilke P, Ott J, Thorwirth S, Hieret C (2008) Detection of amino acetonitrile in Sgr B2(N). Astron Astrophys 482:179–196ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Observatoire de BordeauxFloiracFrance