EXPOSE-E, EXPOSE-R, and EXPOSE-R2 are exposure facilities developed by ESA in the 2000s to investigate the effect of space environment (especially energetic radiations) on various chemical and biological samples. EXPOSE-E was installed on the International Space Station outside of the European Columbus module on the European Technology Exposure Facility (EuTEF), from February 2008 to August 2009, while EXPOSE-R was installed outside of the Russian module Zvezda from March 2009 to March 2011. EXPOSE-R2 is a reload of EXPOSE-R with new experiments which departed to the space station in July 2014, and should return to Earth early 2016.
KeywordsExposure facility International Space Station Low Earth orbit Photobiology Photochemistry Space radiations
References and Further Reading
- Rabbow E et al (2012) EXPOSE-E, an ESA Astrobiology mission 1.5 years in space. Astrobiology 12:374–386Google Scholar