Encyclopedia of Astrobiology

Living Edition
| Editors: Muriel Gargaud, William M. Irvine, Ricardo Amils, Henderson James Cleaves, Daniele Pinti, José Cernicharo Quintanilla, Michel Viso

Silicon Isotopes

  • Luc André
  • Damien Cardinal
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-27833-4_1448-4

Definition

Silicon (Si) is an element present in all natural environments, including the biosphere. It has three stable isotopes of mass 28, 29, and 30, respectively. Its isotopic composition is expressed in the delta notation δ30Si (30Si/28Si) and δ29Si (29Si/28Si) in per mil units normalized to a standard reference (see “Delta, Isotopic”). The δ30Si and δ29Si vary in the solar system by up to 10 ‰ and 5 ‰, respectively. These isotopic changes in Earth and extraterrestrial materials are used to constrain diverse processes such as the origin of the solar system, core-mantle segregation, the appearance of life on the early Earth, the temperatures of the early oceans, the weathering of silicate rocks, or the role of siliceous organisms in C-Si cycles.

Overview

The potential role of silica (SiO2) in the emergence of life has been often questioned, especially because SiO2-rich deposits (cherts) host the oldest putative evidence for life. Others have wondered about the biological...

Keywords

Archean cherts Bulk silicate earth Early life Meteorites Siliceous organisms Weathering 
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References and Further Reading

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Earth SciencesRoyal Museum of Central AfricaTervurenBelgium
  2. 2.LOCEANUniversité Pierre & Marie CurieParisFrance