Encyclopedia of Astrobiology

Living Edition
| Editors: Muriel Gargaud, William M. Irvine, Ricardo Amils, Henderson James Cleaves, Daniele Pinti, José Cernicharo Quintanilla, Michel Viso

Proton Pump

Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-27833-4_1297-2

Definition

The proton pump is a membrane-integrated enzymatic complex which is able to mobilize protons to generate a proton gradient across the cell membrane. This proton gradient constitutes a fundamental energy reservoir. The proton pump plays an important role in cell respiration and photosynthesis. The electron transport chain in cell respiration generates an electrochemical potential which is coupled to the proton pumps located in the membrane. This proton gradient is an energy reservoir because it is the driver for the generation of chemical energy (ATP), or any secondary transport system associated to it, such as the transport of nutrients, the maintenance of the ionic homeostasis of cells, or the movement of bacterial flagellum.

See Also

Keywords

Cell Membrane Electron Transport Transport System Bioorganic Chemistry Energy Conservation 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Centro de Astrobiología (CSIC/INTA)Instituto Nacional de Técnica AeroespacialTorrejón de ArdozSpain