Encyclopedia of Astrobiology

Editors: Ricardo Amils, Muriel Gargaud, José Cernicharo Quintanilla, Henderson James Cleaves, William M. Irvine, Daniele Pinti, Michel Viso

Nitrogen Isotopes

Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-27833-4_1065-3

Definition

Nitrogen has two stable isotopes, nitrogen-14 and -15. The abundance ratios of the two isotopes among geological samples, both extraterrestrial and terrestrial, exhibit wide variations, despite the first-order expectation of its stable nature. This expectation derives from the absence of important sinks or sources of these nuclides by any known nuclear reactions that may naturally occur, apart from their nucleosynthesis in several kinds of stellar environments. Nitrogen is one of the most important elements in organic matter preserved in geological samples. The isotopic variations of nitrogen may provide important clues to decipher the formation processes for these samples.

Overview

The abundance ratios of nitrogen-14 and -15 among extraterrestrial samples exhibit more than a factor of 2 variation, the largest among all elements except for hydrogen. Interesting isotopic variations are also observed among nitrogen from various terrestrial samples that represent the...

Keywords

Nitrogen cycle (biological) Isotope anomaly Isotope fractionation Organic formation Solar composition 
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References and Further Reading

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Earth and Space SciencesOsaka UniversityToyonakaJapan